Child allowance (Kindergeld)
In Germany, parents can apply for child allowance for their children up to the age of eighteen. Foreign parents can also eligible for this benefit if they reside in Germany. If the applicant resides outside of Germany, (s)he may still be eligible if the applicant is subject to income tax liability in Germany.
The application must be submitted in written form to the respective Family or Child Benefit Office. All necessary forms are available online.
We recommend you submit an application and familiarise yourself in detail with the responsibilities of the Family Offices as well as your own rights. Currently, a residence permit for the purpose of (doctoral) study does not constitute eligibility for child allowance. Therefore, if you hold this kind of residence permit, you should verify if your partner is eligible.
Parental Allowance (Elterngeld and Elterngeld Plus)
Parental allowance is meant to compensate for loss of income after the birth of a child. The allowance and eligibility requirements vary according to the parents' employment situation after the birth of the child.
Mothers and fathers are eligible for parental allowance if they...
- are entitled to pursue gainful employment,
- pursue gainful employment for no more than 30 hours a week,
- care for and raise their children themselves after birth,
- live in the same home with their children and
- reside in Germany.
Application process and deadlines:
Parental allowance must be requested from the relevant local authority using a form that can be completed online and must be submitted bearing an original signature. The application does not have to be submitted immediately after the child's birth. However, retroactive payments can only be made for the three months immediately preceding the beginning of the month in which the application for parental allowance was received.
Source: passages taken from EURAXESS